Cross-section: 1 Timothy (Part 5) – Hey

The systematic cross-section of 1 Timothy continues with Hey.

For a much more in-depth reference on numerical themes and how they correspond to the twenty-two Hebrew letters and are expressed on every level throughout Scripture (even in the books written in Greek), please see the original Bible Wheel book and site. Note that not every verse will thematically carry its numerical theme, but overall, the patterns are clear. If a verse doesn’t thematically carry it, and sometimes even if it does, it tends to have a secondary numerical characteristic that connects, which will also be noted.

Hey – Fifth letter of the Hebrew Alef-bet. Symbolizes breath or spirit, behold, existence, causation, definite article.

In 1 Timothy, there are six hey verses: the fifth verse of each chapter.

1:5 – Now the end of the commandment is charity out of a pure heart, and of a good conscience, and of faith unfeigned:

The word “now” that begins this verse and 5:5 is more commonly translated “and,” but also sometimes “for” as in 3:5. In 1 Timothy, it is used more often in chapter five than any other chapter, and more in these six verses corresponding to hey than any other cross-section except eight. Also, five of the six verses directly or indirectly use a form of “to be” or “is” to make an equivalence. It’s a common usage, of course, but having that many in the cross-section reinforces the theme.

Hey/epsilon words: esti – is / to be / exist

2:5 – For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus;

The conjunction that begins this verse and also 4:5 is actually “for” as a more causative conjunction, saying, “look, there’s a causative relationship here.” It too is used more often in 1 Timothy in chapters 4 and 5 than the other chapters. The Messiah is described here as the mediator between God (the Father) and men – a mediator uses his words or breath to mediate, or negotiate, between two parties. In this case, the Messiah is the Word that allows man to become one with God through the Spirit.

Hey/epsilon words: eis – one

3:5 – (For if a man know not how to rule his own house, how shall he take care of the church of God?)

There’s not really a direct hey connection here except for the mention of the church as an epsilon word. It’s also a very definite concept: the church of God – in Scriptural terms, there is only one church.

Hey/epsilon words: ekklesia – church / elect

4:5 – For it is sanctified by the word of God and prayer.

Prayer is an extension of the hey theme of breath and spirit because we gain more of the Spirit through prayer, and then the Spirit often helps us pray, as in Romans 8:26, which says in part: “…the Spirit itself maketh intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered.” And actually, the word for “prayer” here is the same as “intercessions” in 1 Timothy 2:1.

Hey/epsilon words: enteuxis – prayer / intercession

5:5 – Now she that is a widow indeed, and desolate, trusteth in God, and continueth in supplications and prayers night and day.

Again the theme is evident with the mention of “supplications and prayers”, as in the previous verse. In those times, widows who were supported by the church or family had little they had to do, so they had time to spare to spend in prayer for family members, or leaders, or anyone. We already saw that Paul spent the beginning of chapter 2 of 1 Timothy describing recommended kinds of prayer.

6:5 – Perverse disputings of men of corrupt minds, and destitute of the truth, supposing that gain is godliness: from such withdraw thyself.

In human terms, godliness can be thought of as having and making use of the Spirit of God to follow what is right. Mere gain of physical things has no connection to godliness; God may choose to bless whoever He wishes with gain. This section of 1 Timothy is an effective refutation of the “prosperity gospel” which tends to say that physical riches are an indication of holiness or godliness, or, in reverse, that godliness causes physical gain. Those who follow God’s laws are more likely to have what they need than those who do not; but they are also more likely to be content with what they have regardless of whether they have significant possessions or not.

Hey/epsilon words: eusebeia – godliness

For chapters 3, 5, and 6, the values of their hey verses are unique, not matching any other verses. For chapters 1, 2, and 4, the values of their hey verses are not unique. For chapter 4, the value actually matches nine verses; while the others match at most three.

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