Cross-section: 1 Timothy (Part 10) – Yod

The systematic cross-section of 1 Timothy continues with Yod.

For a much more in-depth reference on numerical themes and how they correspond to the twenty-two Hebrew letters and are expressed on every level throughout Scripture (even in the books written in Greek), please see the original Bible Wheel book and site. Note that not every verse will thematically carry its numerical theme, but overall, the patterns are clear. If a verse doesn’t thematically carry it, and sometimes even if it does, it tends to have a secondary numerical characteristic that connects, which will also be noted.

Yod – Tenth letter of the Hebrew Alef-bet. Symbolizes hands, works, power, praise, possession, fear of the Lord.

In 1 Timothy, there are six yod verses: the tenth verse of each chapter. Yod is specifically notable in 1 Timothy because as the 54th book of the Bible, 1 Timothy is the third cycle’s book on the yod spoke of the Wheel, and the yod themes are very clear in each of the tenth verses.

1:10 – For whoremongers, for them that defile themselves with mankind, for menstealers, for liars, for perjured persons, and if there be any other thing that is contrary to sound doctrine;

This verse completes the description of the rest of the negative forms of the Ten Commandments, described in more detail here. The tenth commandment, against covetousness, is not specifically described because the whole book of 1 Timothy addresses it in several places.

2:10 – But (which becometh women professing godliness) with good works.

Women are to adorn themselves with good works instead of (as the previous verse mentions) gaudy clothing or jewelry or other physical adornment. Good works are, of course, one of the main themes of yod.

3:10 – And let these also first be proved; then let them use the office of a deacon, being found blameless.

Deacons are the lowest level of official church leaders. While pastors preach and mentor and shepherd the flock, and elders assist pastors with interpersonal responsibilities like speaking and counseling, deacons tend to be more hands-on in doing the work that the congregations need done. This might include fulfilling individual needs of people or of church services. In modern terms, this includes tasks like ushering, setting up seating, serving food, managing sound equipment, etc. Any member could do any of these tasks, and in a well-balanced congregation, many or most of the members will take turns doing them as their time and skills permit. But deacons are recognized by the pastor as being those who consistently step in to provide leadership in getting these tasks done. As such, they are an embodiment of the themes of yod.

4:10 – For therefore we both labour and suffer reproach, because we trust in the living God, who is the Saviour of all men, specially of those that believe.

The context here is the pursuit of godliness, which is “profitable for all things” (verse 8). For this end, Paul and the other church leaders worked hard to serve the congregations, for which they were often criticized. This work displays the yod theme in this verse.

5:10 – Well reported of for good works; if she have brought up children, if she have lodged strangers, if she have washed the saints’ feet, if she have relieved the afflicted, if she have diligently followed every good work.

This verse describes older widows who have served their families well and are therefore appropriately supported by the congregation if they are at least sixty years old, according to verse nine. “Good works” are mentioned twice in this verse, which also mentions four specific types of good works. So this verse is clearly a yod verse, arguably more than any of the other tenth verses in the book.

6:10 – For the love of money is the root of all evil: which while some coveted after, they have erred from the faith, and pierced themselves through with many sorrows.

The final yod verse is a bit more subtle because it approaches the theme from the angle of covetousness and the negative side of work. Those who love money may do various kinds of evil in pursuit of their desire, but ultimately it will cause them trouble. One might even include workaholics in this category: the evil they do is often of the neglectful form of working so much that they fail to spend appropriate time with their families or on other important activities.

The value of the yod verse in chapter 5 is unique, while the values for the other chapters all match either 3 or 4 verses. This is exactly the same pattern as the tet verses.


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